1 : not many
Few people came.
the next/last/past few weeks
I know (very) few people in the class.
Music is one of my (very) few pleasures.
He caught fewer fish than the rest of us.
There are fewer children at the school this year.
Not many people came, but the few people who did enjoyed themselves.
Few (if any) people understand me.
2 : not many but some — used in the phrase a few
Only/Just a few people came.
We went out for a few drinks after work.
I know a few people in the class.
The train leaves in a few minutes.
Note : The phrases quite a few and, less commonly, not a few or (chiefly British) a good few all mean "fairly many."
Quite a few students from our high school go on to college.